Projectiles, Penetrators, and Armor
Advanced materials, engineered at the nano-scale level are providing breakthrough capabilities for projectiles,
penetrators, and armors. Key to their development is the ability to model nanomechanical behavior so as to
formulate constitutive laws for higher scale simulations. ES3 provides analytical simulation support and application
of coatings to developers of projectiles, penetrators, and armor.
An atomic force microscope image of a Calcium-Silicate-Hydrate specimen indented by a Berkovich tip (left) validates a nano-scale simulation (right).