Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Reporting for Calendar Year 2018
The Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol categorizes a company's GHG emissions as one of three "Scopes". Scope 1 is classified as direct emissions
from owned or controlled sources (i.e. mobile combustion, stationary combustion, process emissions). Scope 2 emissions are classified as
indirect emissions (i.e. purchased energy). Scope 3 emissions are all remaining indirect emissions not included in Scope 2 (i.e. business
travel, distribution, shipping and logistics).
As an engineering firm that uses modern, often "green" manufacturing processes at our production facilities, Scope 2 and Scope 3 emissions
are the largest contributors to ES3’s carbon footprint. ES3’s Scope 3 emissions are primarily due to business travel and shipping. ES3's Scope
2 emissions come from purchased electricity and energy for each of our facilities located in Utah, Georgia, and California. Scope 1 GHG emissions
represent the smallest contributor to ES3’s carbon footprint and come from ES3 owned and operated vehicles.
GHG emissions are commonly reported in metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e). CO2e is a way to quantify and combine various greenhouse gasses,
such as CO2, NH4, and N2O, into a singular unit. ES3’s GHG emissions are broken down by scope and displayed below.
For FY18, Scope 3 emissions are ES3’s biggest GHG contributor. This is mainly due to business travel and shipping and receiving heavy aircraft
components weighing hundreds of pounds apiece. Scope 3 emissions are highly variable from year to year depending on workload and unfortunately
the most difficult aspect to control.
In order to reduce our Scope 2 GHG emissions during FY18, ES3 purchased and installed 400 high efficiency lighting fixtures at our 200,000-square
foot Material Research & Development Center in Utah. This is a major contributing factor to the reductions ES3 realized in our Scope 2 GHG
emissions from CY 2017. However, and as mentioned above, Scope 2 emissions (primarily from purchased electricity and gas) vary with workload so
an increase in workload will most likely result in an increase in Scope 2 GHG emissions.
ES3 has identified goals to help reduce GHG emissions from each scope as follows:
Reduction Goals for Scope 1 Emissions:
- Purchase more fuel efficient or hybrid vehicles for the ES3 owned vehicles
- Maintain vehicles to operate at maximum efficiency
- Try and reduce travel to a minimum
Reduction Goals for Scope 2 Emissions:
- Replace old windows with energy efficient windows
- Install high efficiency water heaters
- Expand usage of timers/motion detectors for lighting
Reduction Goals for Scope 3 Emissions:
- Replace business travel with video conferencing if possible.
- Be mindful of shipping practices
- Expand the work we do with companies that have 'green' initiatives